A name commonly used for “Open Web Steel Joists”.
An angle secured to a wall or foundation used to attach the bottom of the wall paneling.
A plate attached to the bottom of a column which rests on a foundation or other support, usually secured by anchor bolts.
A continuous member embedded in the edge of the foundation to which the wall panels are attached.
Dimension between the main frames measured normal to the frame (at centerline of frame) for interior bays, and dimension from centerline of first interior main frame measured normal to end wall (outside face of end wall girt) for end bays.
A member, usually horizontal, that is subjected to bending loads. There are three types, simple, continuous, and cantilever.
Beam and Column
A structural system consisting of a series of rafter beams supported by columns. Often used as the end frame of a building.
Bearing End Frame
See “Beam and Column”.
A steel plate that is set on the top of a masonry support on which a beam or purlin can rest.
See “Main Frame”.
BiII of Materials
A list that enumerates by part number or description each piece of material or assembly to be shipped. Also called tally sheet or shipping list.
Wire mesh used to prevent birds from entering the building through ventilators and louvers.
A small headed pin with expandable shank for joining light gauge metal. Typically used to attach flashing, gutter, etc.
Girders, trucks or other members of rectangular cross section enclosed on four sides.
Rods, angles or cables used in the plane of the roof and walls to transfer loads, such as wind, seismic and crane thrusts to the foundation.
A structural support projecting to a structural member. Examples are canopy brackets, leanto brackets, and crane runway brackets.
That part of an overhead crane consisting of girders, trucks, end ties, walkway and drive mechanism which carries the trolley and travels in a direction parallel to the runway.
A load lifting system consisting of a hoist which moves laterally on a beam, girder or bridge which in turn moves longitudinally on a runway made of beams and rails.
Bracing or systems of bracing used between structural members.
British Thermal Unit (BTU)
That amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by 1 deg.F.
A structure forming an open, partially enclosed, or enclosed space constructed by a planned process of combining materials, components, and subsystems to meet specific conditions of use.
A space defined by the length of the building and the space between building columns.
Regulations established by a recognized agency describing design loads, procedures and construction details for structures usually applying to a designated political jurisdiction (city, county, state, etc.).
Dimension of the building measured perpendicular to main framing from end wall to end wall (outside face of girt to outside face of girt).
Dimension of the building measured parallel to main framing from sidewall to sidewall (outside face of girt to outside face of girt)
A roof covering made up of alternating layers of tar and asphaltic materials.
A structural member, usually an I-shaped section, made from individual flat plates welded together.
An energy-absorbing device for reducing impact when a moving crane or trolley reaches the end of its permitted travel; or when two moving cranes or trolleys come into contact.
The end plate of a structural member usually used to rest against a like plate of another member in forming a connection. Sometimes called a splice plate or bolted end plate.
See “Exterior Framed”.